Download e-book for iPad: Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan (Historical by Ludwig W. Adamec

By Ludwig W. Adamec

Afghanistan has lengthy been a coveted land of significant strategic value. Early in its heritage it served as a gateway to India, impinging at the historic Silk highway, which carried exchange from the Mediterranean to China. within the sixteenth century the Persian Safavid Empire within the west, the Turkic Uzbek kingdom to the north, and the Moghul Empire of India disputed regulate of the realm, and shortly after the founding of the nation of Afghanistan in 1747, Russia and nice Britain left the rustic as a buffer among the 2 empires. through the moment half the twentieth century, it turned an area of clash within the chilly conflict among the U.S. and the Soviet Union and within the Nineties, the institution of an intensive Islamist regime in Kabul threatened to make the rustic the bottom of an Islamist international revolution. such a lot lately, spurred on through the assaults of September eleventh, American intervention introduced an finish to the unconventional Taliban regime and resulted in the election of President Hamid Karzai in 2004 and his reelection in 2009.

The fourth variation of the Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan includes monstrous new fabric to mirror the quick adjustments within the zone. this can be performed via a chronology, an introductory essay, an expansive bibliography, and over 1,000 cross-referenced dictionary entries on major folks, occasions, areas, enterprises, and different points of Afghanistan historical past from the earliest occasions to the current. This booklet is a superb entry element for college kids, researchers, and a person eager to understand extra approximately Afghanistan.

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New PDF release: 21st Century Geography: A Reference Handbook (21st Century

By Joseph P. Stoltman

Via nearly eighty entries or "mini-chapters," the SAGE twenty first Century Reference sequence volumes on geography will spotlight crucial issues, matters, questions, and debates any scholar acquiring a level during this box should have mastered for effectiveness within the twenty first century. the aim is to supply undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference resource that may serve their examine wishes with extra distinctive details than encyclopedia entries yet now not quite a bit jargon, aspect, or density as a magazine article or a examine guide chapter.

Features & Benefits:

  • Curricular-driven to supply scholars with preliminary footholds on subject matters of curiosity in writing study time period papers, in getting ready for GREs, in consulting to figure out instructions to soak up pursuing a senior thesis, graduate measure, etc.
  • Comprehensive to provide complete insurance of significant subthemes and subfields in the self-discipline of geography, together with nearby geography, actual geography, worldwide switch, human and cultural geography, fiscal geography and locational research, political geography, geospatial expertise, cartography, spatial considering, learn technique, geographical schooling, and more.
  • Uniform in bankruptcy constitution to make it effortless for college students to find key info, with a more-or-less universal bankruptcy layout of creation, concept, tools, purposes, comparability, destiny instructions, precis, Bibliography & feedback for extra examining, and go References.
  • Available in print and digital codecs to supply scholars with handy, effortless access.

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Historical Dictionary of English Music: ca. 1400-1958 by Charles Edward McGuire,Steven E. Plank PDF

By Charles Edward McGuire,Steven E. Plank

This reference seeks to spot and in brief annotate a variety of matters on the subject of English musical tradition, principally from the early fifteenth century via 1958, dates that replicate the coalescence of an identifiable English type within the early Renaissance and the loss of life of the long-lasting Ralph Vaughan Williams within the mid-20th century. a number of the really nice "English" composers figuring during this quantity contain Johann Christian Bach, Felix Mendelssohn, and Georg Frideric Handel, besides singers like Jenny Lind and Farinelli and plenty of others.

The Historical Dictionary of English Music covers its material via a chronological desk of significant occasions, an introductory essay at the background of English tune, an in depth bibliography, and over six hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on humans, venues, repertory, style, and assets. This ebook is a wonderful entry aspect for college kids, researchers, and a person desirous to comprehend extra approximately English song in this vital period.

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Download e-book for iPad: English / Dutch Dictionary: Engels / Nederlands Woordenboek by John C. Rigdon

By John C. Rigdon

Dutch is a West Germanic language that's spoken within the ecu Union through approximately 23 million humans as a primary language—including lots of the inhabitants of the Netherlands and approximately sixty percentage that of Belgium—and by means of one other five million as a moment language. it's the 3rd most generally spoken Germanic language, after German and English.

Dutch is the local language of the vast majority of the inhabitants of Suriname, and in addition holds legit prestige in Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, that are constituent international locations of the dominion of the Netherlands. ancient minorities at the verge of extinction stay in elements of France and Germany, and in Indonesia, whereas as much as part 1000000 local audio system may possibly dwell within the usa, Canada and Australia mixed. The Cape Dutch dialects of Southern Africa have developed into Afrikaans, a collectively intelligible daughter language that is spoken to a point by way of no less than sixteen million humans, in general in South Africa and Namibia.

Dutch is among the closest kinfolk of either German and English and is related to be approximately in among them.

This English / Dutch Dictionary includes 23,000 note pairs in each one language besides the a part of speech. it's in keeping with our phrases R Us Wordnet implementation which permits pairing with many languages.

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Roman Cybriwsky's Historical Dictionary of Tokyo (Historical Dictionaries of PDF

By Roman Cybriwsky

Tokyo is Japan's biggest urban and its capital. it's also one of many biggest towns on the earth and an enormous middle of world financial effect. The origins of human payment in what's this present day Tokyo are misplaced in prehistory. the town began rather modestly as a small fortress city of Edo in 1457, then the heart of the Tokugawa shogunate from 1603-1868, the speedily modernizing and Westernizing capital of the country throughout the Meiji interval (1868-1912), and the capital of a wealthy country and becoming empire thereafter. Tokyo was once completely devastated in the course of international warfare II, yet this was once no longer the 1st time Tokyo needed to commence likely from new. because of many fires and earthquakes, town has continuously rebuilt itself and this day it outdoes all its past emanations by means of far.

The moment variation of the Historical Dictionary of Tokyo is a much-needed reference resource at the urban. this is often performed via a chronology, an introductory essay, an in depth bibliography, and over six hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on humans, locations, occasions, and different terminology concerning the urban of Tokyo. This e-book is a needs to for a person drawn to Japan and Tokyo.

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Download e-book for kindle: Ashgate Critical Essays on Early English Lexicographers: by Christine Franzen

By Christine Franzen

Anglo-Saxon lexicography experiences Latin texts and phrases. The earliest English lexicographers are mostly unidentifiable scholars, academics, students and missionaries. fabrics introduced from out of the country by way of early lecturers have been augmented via their teachings and handed on via their scholars. Lexicographical fabric deriving from the early Canterbury institution is still traceable in glossaries all through this era, yet new fabric used to be continually further. Aldhelm and Ælfric Bata, between others, wrote renowned, a lot studied hermeneutic texts utilizing infrequent, unique phrases, frequently derived from glossaries, which then contributed to different glossaries. Ælfric of Eynsham is a unprecedented identifiable early English lexicographer, strange in his loss of curiosity in hermeneutic vocabulary. the focal point is essentially on context and the method of production and meant use of glosses and glossaries. a number of articles study highbrow centres the place students and texts got here jointly, for instance, Theodore and Hadrian in Canterbury; Aldhelm in Malmesbury; Dunstan at Christ Church, Canterbury; Æthelwold in Winchester; King Æthelstan's court docket; Abingdon; Glastonbury; and Worcester.

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Sarah Tenney,Anne C. Salda's Historical Dictionary of the World Bank (Historical PDF

By Sarah Tenney,Anne C. Salda

When it used to be based again in 1944 nobody may be able to have foreseen how the area financial institution – identified extra officially because the overseas financial institution for Reconstruction and improvement (IBRD) – may flourish. at the present time, with 188 individuals, it's by way of some distance the most important lender for initiatives in agriculture, wellbeing and fitness, infrastructure and lots of different fields in constructing international locations worldwide, with the cheap of billions of bucks and a employees of greater than 9,000, and its suggestion is mostly heeded by means of either the constructing international locations which borrow from it and the complex ones which give a contribution.

This moment variation of the Historical Dictionary of the realm financial institution shows the titanic development the financial institution has made, this usually throughout the dictionary part with concise entries on its part associations, comparable companies, its achievements in quite a few fields, a number of the significant tasks and member international locations, and its a variety of presidents. The creation explains how the financial institution works whereas the chronology lines the most important occasions over approximately 70 years. in the meantime, the checklist of acronyms reminds us simply who the most avid gamers are. And the bibliography directs readers to worthwhile inner documentation and out of doors studies.

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Download e-book for iPad: English/German Dictionary of Idioms: Supplement to the by Professor Hans Schemann

By Professor Hans Schemann

This dictionary is the best complement to the German/English Dictionary of Idioms, which jointly supply a wealthy resource of fabric for the translator from and into each one language.
The dictionary includes 15,000 headwords, each one access offering the German equivalents, editions, contexts and the measure of currency/rarity of the idiomatic expression.
This dictionary should be a useful source for college students literary translators.

Not on the market in Germany, Austria or Switzerland

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New PDF release: Historical Dictionary from the Great War to the Great

By Neil A. Wynn

The interval from 1913 to 1933 isn't frequently obvious as a coherent entity within the historical past of the USA. it's extra usually seen when it comes to specified sessions with the pre-war period of political engagement, idealism, and reform often called “progressivism” separated by way of global warfare I from the materialism, conservatism and disengagement of the “prosperous” Twenties. To many postwar observers and later historians, the access of the us into the eu clash in 1917 marked not only a dramatic departure in international relatives, but in addition the top of an period of reform.

This moment version of Historical Dictionary from the nice struggle to the good Depression covers the heritage of this era via a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an in depth bibliography. The dictionary part has greater than seven hundred cross-referenced entries on vital personalities, politics, economic system, overseas family, faith, and tradition. This e-book is a superb entry aspect for college students, researchers, and someone eager to be aware of extra a couple of very important interval in U.S. history.

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